Actors and strategies at policy implementation process from Intergovernmental Organization: The World Health Organization as a case study

Actors and strategies at policy implementation process from Intergovernmental Organization: The World Health Organization as a case study

How intergovernmental organizations implement policies, and what actors are involved in this process? Despite international organizations being strongly studied by the literature on international relations and international politics we don’t have many answers about the process of implementation policies from an international institution to other countries. One hypothesis we have working in this research is that they create networks with different non-state actors to be more effective in the implementation process. In this way they become hybrid organizations, it means that the cooperation is made not only by states but also by non-governmental organizations, civil society, and private enterprises. The World Health Organizations is one of the institutions from United Nations System that have been making several changes in its framework to allow the action of non-state actors jointly the international institution. In 2016, the institution has created the Framework of Engagement with non-state actors (FENSA), in few words, the framework strengthens the engagement of non-state actors at WHO while preventing potential conflicts of interest within the institution. FENSA can encourage the development of networks with different non-state actors and WHO and, they can become the implementation process more effective, once the actors can act in a collaborative way. To test this general hypothesis, we will develop a research mainly guided by qualitative techniques. As a case study of WHO, within cases studies along this institution in which we aim to identify how a network can contribute to the success or failure to implement a policy.

 

Jessica Fernandes est une doctorante en science politique de l'Université Fédérale Minas Gerais au Brésil, co-supervisée à Sciences Po Grenoble par Yves Schemeil. Elle effectue un séjour de recherche à Pacte depuis septembre 2018, qui perdurera jusqu'à février 2019. Jessica va présenter son design de recherche et son terrain en cours lors de cet atelier d'écriture de décembre du séminaire Jeune Recherche.




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