In response to climate change, limited fossil fuels, and rising global energy demand, renewable energies (RE) have been rapidly developed throughout European Union (EU). Transformation of energy system includes environmental, technological, social, cultural and economic aspects and these aspects affect the distribution of the various RE forms in Europe. Rapid technological advances in RE production and distribution, coupled with changing policy frameworks also bring specific challenges for planning to avoid their negative impacts on landscape. While there are ambitious objectives to boost RE transition, it is more and more evident that this it is going differently in different European countries, and some country resist this process.
My presentation will be based on findings of two on-going projects: the results of research of the WG1 of the COST Action TU1401 (Renewable Energy and Landscape Quality) and some initial findings of the Project “Adaptation to sustainable energy transition in Europe: environmental, socio-economic and cultural aspects”, funded by the Spain’s Ministry of Economy, I chair.
Our challenge is to understand the transversal aspects of energy transition in EU. The presentation will focus on the analysis of distribution of RE and some institutional contexts of the sustainable energy transition in Spain, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Italy. The presentation centres on the three key research directions represented by specific renewable energy technologies (wind, solar PV, biomass and biogas) that have been significantly implemented in the studied countries in recent years and that are most likely to be further developing and spatially expanding in next years.
Marina Frolova is PhD in Geography and Land-use Planning (University of Toulouse 2 – Le Mirail). She is Professor in the University of Granada. She is author and editor of numerous books and articles on various topics related with landscapes and energy and has been participating in several international projects on renewable energy and landscapes.