Type de publication:Articles
Source:Frontiers in Public Health, Frontiers Media S.A., Volume 9 (2021)
Background: The effectiveness of positive airway pressure therapies (PAP) is contingent on treatment adherence. We hypothesized that forgoing healthcare may be a determinant of adherence to PAP therapy. Research Question: The objectives were: (i) to assess the impact of forgoing healthcare on adherence to PAP in patients with Chronic Respiratory Failure (CRF) and patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS); (ii) to compare forgoing healthcare patterns in these two chronic conditions. Study design and methods: Prospective cohort of patients with OSAS or CRF, treated with PAP therapies at home for at least 12 months. At inclusion, patients were asked to fill-in questionnaires investigating (i) healthcare forgone, (ii) deprivation (EPICES score), (iii) socio-professional and familial status. Characteristics at inclusion were extracted from medical records. PAP adherence was collected from the device's built-in time counters. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess the associations between healthcare forgone and the risk of being non-adherent to CPAP treatment. Results: Among 298 patients included (294 analyzed); 33.7% reported forgoing healthcare. Deprivation (EPICES score > 30) was independently associated with the risk of non-adherence (OR = 3.57, 95%CI [1.12; 11.37]). Forgoing healthcare had an additional effect on the risk of non-adherence among deprived patients (OR = 7.74, 95%CI [2.59; 23.12]). OSAS patients mainly forwent healthcare for financial reasons (49% vs. 12.5% in CRF group), whereas CRF patients forwent healthcare due to lack of mobility (25%, vs. 5.9 % in OSAS group). Interpretation: Forgoing healthcare contributes to the risk of PAP non-adherence particularly among deprived patients. Measures tailored to tackle forgoing healthcare may improve the overall quality of care in PAP therapies. Clinical Trial Registration: The study protocol was registered in ClinicalTrials.gov , identifier: NCT03591250.
Humanities and Social SciencesJournal articles