CHIARA KIRSCHNER

Doctorante
kirschnc's picture
Institutional membership: 
Université Grenoble Alpes
Status: 
Research associate (f)
Non permanent.e
Research areas: 
Human geography
Research team: 
Phone: 
0476820000
Address: 
Cité des Territoires 14 av. M. Reynoard 38100 GRENOBLE

Onglet(s)

Présentation

Le point de départ de mes recherches est le processus collectif de construction identitaire dans le pèlerinage, une pratique itinérante religieuse. Il s'agit du sujet de mon DEA obtenu à l'EHESS, Paris, en 1998. A l'époque, étant moi-même binationale italo-allemande, je travaillais sur l'identité collective trasfrontalière entre Trentin et Tyrol italien. Ma référence était Debarbieux et son travail sur les hauts-lieux. Après un détour par le monde de l'entreprise et un certificat universitaire en créativité, obtenu à Paris-Descartes, en 2011, j'ai repris mon travail de recherche. J'ai souhaité étudier le processus identitaire à l'oeuvre dans les pratiques itinérantes récréatives (itinérance). J'ai changé de paradigme, adoptant le paradigme individuel, et abouti à la création du concept de créativité intégrative, qui se déploie dans le mode d'habitation de l'itinérance, et qui permet au pratiquant une innovation existentielle au retour, parfois avec une portée sociale : comportement nouveau dans le milieu professionnel, action politique, activité humanitaire, oeuvre artistique inspirante...Cette créativité intégrative est une expression de la transmodernité, entendue au sens d'éthique relationnelle (Dussel). Elle permet d'envisager des nouvelles formes de gouvernance, en ligne avec le modèle de l'holacratie, une évolution de la gouvernance participative, qui permet de générer une nouvelle voie inédite et respectueuse de toutes les singularités en jeu.

Subject: 
THE TRANSMODERN PROJECT IN RECREATIVE WAYFARINGS. AN IDENTITY-BUILDING PROCESS INVOLVING INTEGRATIVE CREATIVITY
Dates: 
September, 2012 to June, 2017
External supervisor(s): 
Jean Corneloup
Abstract: 

This work focuses on the transmodernity of recreational practices. For this, it offers an analysis of the project of wayfaring. It is a recreational practice, where the itinerary is not completely fixed in advance, lasting a few hours or a few months, in an exclusively or partially mountain environment, by means of non-motorized progression, without the support of a travel agency. Among other things, the project approach involves personal motivation of the practitioner, in connection with his identity and his life project. Wayfaring is thus considered as an existential practice that built the identity of the practitioner through the management of uncertainty, inviting him to creativity. The practitioner is not always alone in this task of management of uncertainty, and may decide to enter into a relationship with the inhabitants. Wayfaring then invites him to adopt a relational ethics. Creativity, namely integrative, and relational ethics, can be put in relation with the concept of transmodernity by Dussel (1994): the integration of the reason of the Other.

The first part of this work identifies conceptual and methodological resources. And, this, in the context of an individual and interpretative paradigm. The hypothesis of an integrative creative habitation that would be at the heart of the transmodern wayfaring emerges through a deconstruction of the modern approach of project (Boutinet, 2012), based on the logic of anticipation from the achievement of a goal, and the postmodern approach, based on the fragmentation of the goals and the loss of overall sense. The transmodern project of wayfaring would be based on a creative process, integrating otherness, and redefining an existential purpose while implementing the project. This practice is a process of individuation (Martuccelli, 2005), based on a mesh (Ingold, 2011a) with the environment as a whole: physical, material, human, all the events. This mesh involves an ecological body (Andrieu & Sirost, 2014) and a creative body. The individual paradigm is thus expanded to a plurality of cognitive and behavioral resources. The second part of the thesis exposes the fieldwork on wayfarers. One concerns the chronological dimension of the project of wayfaring, since the period before leaving, the emergence of a first idea of travel, the realization of the project and the coming back. The other part concerns the process, based on the approach of the unexpected, the body and the physical and human environment. The plan of the wayfaring project appears as a socio-praxic matrix that facilitates a creative process which is integrative of physical, natural and relational otherness. If most of the elements of the matrix are activated, the itinerant adopted a creative integrative process, and eventually achieves an existential purpose aligning the various dimensions of its existence: physical, emotional, geographical, professional... This purpose is then translated into a new common good: political, humanitarian action, artistic work, ... The elements of the matrix are about the habitation during wayfaring, in its ordinary dimension of resolution of problems and constraints of everyday life (distanced and then rebuilt during the trip), as well as in its dimension of progression in the itinerary, until the reintegration of the usual living environment. The findings offer to consider wayfaring as a potential socio-recreative laboratory. In the recreational environment of wayfaring, the practitioner can learn relational ethics, an actual capability (Flipo, 2005) of wayfaring, and, when back, he or she can make a unique contribution to their living environment.