Chloe Berut

PhD in political science
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Institutional membership: 
Sciences Po Grenoble
Status: 
Associated researcher (f)
Non permanent.e
Research areas: 
Public policies
Research team: 

Onglet(s)

Présentation

I completed my PhD in political science at Sciences Po Grenoble, Grenoble Alpes University and at the Pacte research center (2015-2020). Since January 2021, I am a post-doctoral researcher working for the French Ministry of Health, in partnership with the Printemps research center. The post-doctoral research focuses on the French National Strategy for Health 2018-2022 and aims at evaluating the devices used to ensure a proper ‘democracy in health’ in a comparative analysis. It also addresses the selection of policy instruments in the case of healthcare access inequalities. During my PhD thesis, I also worked on health policies, as my research focused on the Europeanisation of eHealth policies in France, Austria, and Ireland.

During my PhD, I also taught several courses (‘Conférences de Méthode’) at Sciences Po Grenoble, in particular while I was hired as a temporary teaching and research assistant (Law and Public policy, Public policy in Europe, Introduction to Political sociology).

Subject: 
Gears of influence: the selective use of European Union instruments in domestic eHealth policy-making
Dates: 
October, 2015 to December, 2020
Supervisor(s): 
Abstract: 

The aim of this PhD thesis is to understand how the European Union (EU) may affect domestic electronic health (‘eHealth’) politics and policies despite its lack of competence in this area. Over the past years, the EU has supported the use of information and communication technologies within healthcare systems through the development of numerous instruments. The key argument of this research is that selective and strategic uses of European instruments by domestic actors are the core mechanisms of Europeanisation. This hypothesis is tested using a comparative analysis of eHealth policies in France, Austria and Ireland.
Through actors ‘usage’, the EU is likely to affect the content of public policies, power games between policy actors, or the prioritisation of policy problems. This thesis shows that three conditions explain the appearance of various instances of EU usage at the domestic level: the presence of a strong interest for actors to use external resources in their political work, a positive relationship to the European level, and a diversified structure of European instruments. If these conditions are met, the EU influence is likely to occur at every stage of the policy development process. To take into account the empirical variety of EU usage, a new model based on the multiple streams framework is presented. This model allows for an accurate definition of EU causal influence in the domestic policy-making processes.