Chloe Berut

PhD in political science
berutc's picture
Institutional membership: 
Sciences Po Grenoble
Associated researcher (f)
Non permanent.e
Research areas: 
Public policies
Research team: 



I am currently a postdoctoral researcher within the PARI research program. I completed my PhD in political science in 2020 (Grenoble Alpes University, Pacte research centre). I also worked as a postdoctoral researcher for the Printemps research centre and for the French Ministry of Health as part of the evaluation of the French National Health Strategy. My research focuses on health policies, and especially on digital health policies. Hence, my PhD thesis was about the Europeanisation of eHealth policies in France, Austria and Ireland, and I am currently working on health data access regulation policies. My work also includes wider health policy topics such as healthcare democracy and strategies to fight health inequalities.

I also work as a temporary lecturer at Sciences Po Grenoble and at ESPOL, in which I taught several courses: Law and Public policy, Public policy, Introduction to Political sociology, Healthcare democracy.

Gears of influence: the selective use of European Union instruments in domestic eHealth policy-making
October, 2015 to December, 2020

The aim of this PhD thesis is to understand how the European Union (EU) may affect domestic electronic health (‘eHealth’) politics and policies despite its lack of competence in this area. Over the past years, the EU has supported the use of information and communication technologies within healthcare systems through the development of numerous instruments. The key argument of this research is that selective and strategic uses of European instruments by domestic actors are the core mechanisms of Europeanisation. This hypothesis is tested using a comparative analysis of eHealth policies in France, Austria and Ireland.
Through actors ‘usage’, the EU is likely to affect the content of public policies, power games between policy actors, or the prioritisation of policy problems. This thesis shows that three conditions explain the appearance of various instances of EU usage at the domestic level: the presence of a strong interest for actors to use external resources in their political work, a positive relationship to the European level, and a diversified structure of European instruments. If these conditions are met, the EU influence is likely to occur at every stage of the policy development process. To take into account the empirical variety of EU usage, a new model based on the multiple streams framework is presented. This model allows for an accurate definition of EU causal influence in the domestic policy-making processes.