Summary: The main objective of this thesis is the delimitation and analysis of use and appropriation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT’s) in educational contexts especially in developing countries where exists problematic orientations about social development policy based in the use of these technologies. These problematic approach arise because there is a tendency to apply deterministic formulas that reinforce the linear relationship between development and technology. In this sense, the institutions responsible for policy decisions that require the establishment of mechanisms for government planning (prioritization of public expenditure) and investment, designs schools computerization programs based on this linear approach, characterized by a palliative direction and assistance, which eventually generate relationships of paternalism and dependency. In this context the research claims to develop a sociotechnical analysis proposal for technologies, both theoretical and methodological, to face the problem of the relationship between technology-education through the analysis of the case of the Colombian program Computadores para Educar (CPE). The present doctoral research suggests as a main objective, the study of the relationship between the actors involved into the processes of inclusion of computers in the public schools, by taking as basis of the analysis the state program CPE in Colombia. The principal interest of these research is to identify the new relationships between the uses of the technologies and the role of the teachers and the students in this new school in which the role of the technologies seems so essential and important, but whose results of the inclusion of the ICT’s into educational processes seem to be little significant. The central question of our search would be the following one: Which and how the relationships between the actors concerned by the process of introduction of computers within schools having received computers supplied by the program CPE in Colombia were stablished, during the period 2004-2008?
Keywords: Social Construction,Technology,development,Education,ICT,Computadores para Educar
- M. DOMINIQUE VINCK - Communauté Université Grenoble Alpes - Directeur de these
- Mme Widad MUSTAFA EL HADI - Université de Lille III, Laboratoire GERiiCO Université de Lille 3 - Rapporteur
- M. Pierre LE QUÉAU - Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble PACTE - Examinateur
- M. Philippe COTTIER - Université de Nantes - Examinateur
- Mme Maria Belen ALBORNOZ - FLACSO (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales), antenne équatorienne - Rapporteur
- Mme Céline GRANJOU - IRSTEA - Examinateur