Source:Champ Pénal, Champ pénal, Volume VII, p.Varia (2010)
This article deals with a paradox: the spread of close-circuit television (CCTV) cameras in numerous social and national spaces whereas its effects on crime, in terms of crime prevention and\or law enforcement and community reassurance are not demonstrated. Through a critical analysis of the international literature on CCTV, this article attempts to identify the various reasons advanced to explain the ‘success' of this technology. Three kinds of approach, which embody three ways of defining the political and social impact of CCTV, can be distinguished: surveillance studies, impact analyses and use studies. This paper discusses these works and the answers they bring to the understanding of CCTV development. It claims that micro-level case study analysis allows grasping with sharpness the locally observable mechanisms by which new actors can be enrolled in the device and new legitimizations are made possible.
04Humanities and Social Sciences/Political scienceJournal articles